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Levels of Processing

Page history last edited by Tyler 8 years, 8 months ago

Levels of Processing




     The levels of processing theory states that deeper thought and meaningful information processing will lead to better memory storage than shallow types of processing. This theory was originally stated in 1972 in an article written by Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart. Also known as the depth of processing approach, the levels of processing approach predicts that an individual will be relatively accurate in the recall of information if that information was processed at a deep level. Deep levels of processing encorage memory recall for two main reasons. These reasons are distinctiveness and elaboration. Distinctiveness is a very important part of processing that means that a stimulus is different in some way shape or form from other memory traces. Elaboration is vital to processing for deriving meaning and interconnecting concepts with one another. The deeper the level of processing during encoding, the higher the distinctiveness and elaboration associated with the memory, and thus the better the ability to recall the memory trace.


This infographic explains the various levels of processing and what makes them different.




10 links to look for further information on Levels of Processing.



This article goes into more detail and explanation on the topic.



This site goes into the differences between the levels and picks out the strengths and weaknesses of the theory. 



Explains evidence of previous case study's on this topic.



Summarizes the case study of Craik and Tulving (1975), one of the first times the theory was tested.



An abstract of a study from the University of Toronto Psychology Department.



A demonstration of the levels of processing theory for advertisers.



Elaborates on how the theory originated and became published.



Describes changes in the theory and recommends how future research on the topic should be done.



An online test designed to analyze the various aspects of information processing.



A study of the levels of processing effects in subject performed tasks. 






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