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Metacomprehension

Page history last edited by austin e gartner 11 years, 6 months ago

Metacomprehension

 

Metacomprehension is a relatively basic concept in metacognition. Metacognition is simply how one thinks about their own thinking. Due to the abstract nature of the concept, however, it was over-looked as a function in psychology for quite some time. Comprehension is what one understands and is a term that is often related to reading and learning but is also very involved in all applications of memory. Metacomprehension is an individual’s own conscious knowledge of their level of comprehension. It is what a student knows about what they have learned and on a more convoluted level, what they know they know. By student, of course, I mean anyone. Humanity is on the constant hunt for knowledge and because of that men develop a conscious base of knowledge about their own knowledge. This is all very abstract and complex but at the same time it seems intuitive. We all understand that we are constantly learning but we often do not fixate on our knowledge, instead we just take it for granted.

 

Due to the nature of this concept, there has been very little research done on this topic and the research that has been conducted is focused almost entirely on reading comprehension. While this is the most practical application for this research it is not by any means the sole use for it. Reading is a major factor in communication and learning. Written language is quite possibly the single greatest invention of mankind and, in recent years, it has been the goal of many cognitive and developmental psychologists to assist in the development of this skill in young minds. Although, almost all the research tends to focus on the development of reading comprehension, much of the information discovered does translate to speech comprehension as well. The research seems to focus on primarily children but learning and comprehending occurs throughout life.

There are several facets to metacomprehension as well as many different strategies to improve comprehension in general. These strategies have arisen from the few studies that have been done on the subject. Some examples of the research on this topic are contained in the links below.

 

 

Links

1. A Brief History of Metacomprehension

                    A historical look at the research conducted in metacognition

2. ERIC Digest on Metacomprehension

What is metacomprehension and why is it important in modern psychology

3. Metacomprehension Strategies

A list of strategies that are used to improve metacomprehension

4. Metacomprehension Strategy Index

A test to see where one stands with metacomprehension and what strategies they should use to improve

5. Metacomprehension’s Effects on Encoding and Retrieval

A study done to document metacognition’s effects on education and learning as it relates to memory

6. Rereading and Improving Metacomprehension

A study done on how rereading effects one’s comprehension

7. Metacomprehension and Cue Use

A study diagnosing poor metacomprehension and how to remedy that with cues

8. Keywords and Metacomprehension

A study done on young students that documents the accuracy of metacomprehension and how the use of delayed keywords can improve the accuracy

9. Diagrams and Metacomprehension

Research that illustrates how metacomprehension judgments can be improved if expose to a diagram while learning

10.  Improving Self-Regulation in Learning

Research that depicts the relationship between what an individual thinks they have comprehended and what they have actually comprehended and how to improve this judgment

 

 

This web page was created by Austin Gartner. If there are any issues with any copyright material on this page, contact Austin Gartner at 10801616@live.mercer.edu

 

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